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ook at the child's learning style, neurocognitive ability and developmental differences.

valuate neurodevelopmental performance.

ssess the integrity of motor function.

ecognize unique learning styles.

avigate the medical and educational systems.     The Result: Success in Life


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The Focus Foundation
Atypical Learner Conference
April 13-15, 2012
Annapolis, MD

View Dr. Sprouse's Interview
with Barbara Harrison
on March 21, 2011

May is National
X & Y Chromosome
Awareness Month!

Press Releases:
The Focus Foundation
Senator Brownback

Public Service Announcement

~ Please visit
The Focus Foundation
website and blog ~

Frequently Asked Questions

1) What is a neurodevelopmental assessment at the Neurodevelopmental Diagnostic Center for Young Children? An NDCYC assessment is a comprehensive evaluation of all brain systems including neuromotor, perception, learning, attention, speech, language, motor planning and cognition.

2) What's the purpose of a neurodevelopmental assessment? An NDCYC assessment is conducted in order to understand how a child learns and how his or her brain functions. The evaluation provides information that can be used to develop early intervention strategies and determine what therapeutic services and neurodevelopmental activities are needed in order to optimize a child’s learning and educational success.

3) What are syndrome-specific neurodevelopmental activities? Syndrome-specific goals and objectives recognize that each child’s neurogenetic disorder must be considered in the development of his or her Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP) and Individualized Education Plan (IEP) in order to optimize success. Syndrome-specific activities, which are recommended to promote developmental achievement and recovery are developed based on the neurogenetic disorder involved and the child's strengths, weaknesses, and behavior.

4) Should all children with neurodevelopmental disorders have a neurodevelopmental evaluation? Yes. Children with neurodevelopmental disorders have a significantly increased risk for learning dysfunction and school failure. They often have developmental dyspraxia and language-based learning disabilities, including speech and language problems, dyslexia, written composition problems, auditory processing deficits, and possible secondary behavioral problems. These deficits impact all aspects of learning and success in life.

5) How can an infant be tested? Well-developed, standardized assessment tools are used to evaluate an infant’s neurobehavioral organization, control, modulation and neurodevelopmental performance. Dr. Samango-Sprouse studied neurobehavioral assessment at the Children's Hospital of Boston with Dr. Heidilaise Als, a renown Harvard University scholar. She is an expert in neurogenetic disorders and is skilled in observing and summarizing an infant's unique learning style in order to optimize his or her developmental outcome.

6) What is developmental dyspraxia? Developmental dyspraxia, which impacts boys more often than girls by a ratio of 4:1, is a developmental disorder exhibited by a difficulty in motor planning actions, sounds, or words. Motor planning deficits include difficulty identifying actions, planning actions, and/or executing actions. Children with developmental dyspraxia may have problems with motor actions, such as speaking, running, jumping, eating, or swallowing with spontaneity or on command. Children with developmental dyspraxia have educational challenges that require support in order to be successful.

7) Is Developmental Verbal Dyspraxia (DVD) the same thing as developmental dyspraxia? No. DVD is primarily a motor planning deficit in oral motor or speech output. Although it is not well-studied in research literature, many children with DVD have associated motor planning deficits in gross and fine motor. Many children with DVD actually have developmental dyspraxia.

8) Can we videotape the assessment? Yes, so long as the taping is not disruptive to the assessment or disrupts your child’s attention or performance.

9) Can we audiotape the visit? Yes, and this is rarely disruptive to a child’s performance.

10) How much time is needed for an evaluation and how much will it cost? NDCYC's fees and appointment lengths are determined by a child's age.

    Children under age 3 years: One visit with assessments lasting 90 minutes to two hours. Fee: $700
    Children ages 3 to 4.11 years: Two sessions, each lasting 90 minutes to two hours. Fee: $1,300
    Children ages 5 to 7.11 years: Three sessions, each lasting 90 minutes to two hours. Fee: $1,900
    Children ages 8 to 14.11 years: Four sessions, each lasting 90 minutes to two hours. Fee: $2,500
    Children over 15: To be determined by evaluation time allotted

11) Does NDCYC accept insurance? An evaluation at NDCYC is fee-for-service, so we cannot accept insurance. You will be expected to pay the entire fee at the time of the assessment. We will provide an itemized bill with a detailed explanation of the testing conducted.

12) Will I receive a copy of the testing results? Yes. Your child’s assessment will be analyzed by Dr. Samango-Sprouse, who will write a report detailing her findings, conclusions, and recommendations. Reports vary in size based on each child’s age, skills and disorder(s). While Dr. Samago-Sprouse will discuss her initial observations and impressions with the parent(s) during a child’s visit, the formal report typically takes six weeks to finalize and be delivered to the family. When absolutely necessary, arrangements can be made to expedite a report.

If you have additional questions or would like to schedule an appointment, please contact:
    Teresa Sadeghin
    Phone: 410-798-7934
    Fax: 410-798-4801
    Email: sprousekids@yahoo.com